1. What is a health disparity?

Health disparities refer to differences between groups of people. These differences can affect how frequently a disease affects a group, how many people get sick, or how often the disease causes death.

2. Who are the people who are most effected by health disparities?

The populations that are most effected by health disparities are: racial and ethnic minorities, residents of rural areas, women, children, the elderly, and persons with disabilities.

3. What is the meaning of ‘poverty’?

Poverty refers to to the condition of not having the means to afford basic human needs such as clean water, nutrition, health care, clothing and shelter.  Relative poverty is the condition of having fewer resources or less income than others within a society or country, or compared to worldwide averages.

4. What is a slum?

A slum is a run-down area of a city characterized by substandard housing, squalor and lacking in tenure security. According to the United Nations, one billion people worldwide live in slums and the figure will likely grow to 2 billion by 2030.

5. What is the meaning of gender inequality?

Gender Inequalities are differences between men and women which systematically empower one group to the detriment of the other.  This is a huge contributor to health disparities in the entire world since men are usually the dominant force in a women’s life which does not allow her to have access to good health.

6. What does it mean to advocate?

To advocate is to to speak or write in favor of; support or urge by argument; recommend publicly.  To advocate for health, is to support a group of people who may or may not be able to support themselves.  Forms of health advocation are protesting, educating, conferencing, presenting issues to government officials etc.

7. What is a minority?

minority is a sociological group that does not constitute a politically dominant voting majority of the total population of a given society. A sociological minority is not necessarily a numerical minority — it may include any group that is subnormal with respect to a dominant group in terms of social status, education, employment, wealth and political power.

8. What is Hepatitis B?

Hepatitis B is an infectious illness caused by hepatitis B virus (HBV) which infects the liver of hominoidae, including humans, and causes an inflammation called hepatitis.  Transmission of hepatitis B virus results from exposure to infectious blood or body fluids containing blood.

9. What is Cancer?

Cancer is a class of diseases in which a group of cells display uncontrolled growth(division beyond the normal limits), invasion (intrusion on and destruction of adjacent tissues), and sometimes metastasis (spread to other locations in the body via lymph or blood). These three malignant properties of cancers differentiate them from benign tumors, which are self-limited, and do not invade or metastasize. Most cancers form a tumor but some, like leukemia, do not. There are many different types of cancer, some causes are known(smoking and drinking alcohol) and most are unknown.

10. What is meant by ‘globalization’?

Globalization describes an ongoing process by which regional economies, societies, and cultures have become integrated through a globe-spanning network of communication and trade.  In regard to health, globalized areas are less prone to health disparities since they are connected to the world where there is education, technology, and health promotion.


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