Hepatitis in Asia

31 03 2010

According to Stanford University’s Asian Liver Center, Worldwide, there are about 350 million people who are infected with chronic hepatitis B virus. About 78 percent, or 275 million people, of those individuals reside in Asia or the Pacific Islands.

Lifelong infection with hepatitis B can lead to liver cirrhosis, liver failure and liver cancer. About one million people die each year from liver cancer or liver failure caused by hepatitis B. That’s the equivalent of 2,800 deaths per day.

According to the Bristol-Meyers Squibb Foundation, China has the highest incidence of the disease, with an estimated 170 million people with lifelong infections. With only about four percent of those affected reportedly receiving treatment, each year about 300,000 Chinese die from hepatitis B.

This is a large worldwide health disparity since incidents of Hepatitis B is much lower in all other parts of the world.  But there is something being done to advocate for these Asian people.  The Shanghai Charity Foundation, working with the Shanghai Center for Disease Control, will use a $371,000 Bristol-Myers Squibb Foundation grant to develop awareness programs for 200,000 people, including migrant workers, high risk groups in both urban and factory areas, school children and teachers, and hepatitis patients and their families.





India Victomized by Health Disparities Created by Their Government

29 03 2010

The entrance to Wockhardt hospital in Bangalore, India

There was an article posted by the New York Times in 2008 about contrasting two different hospitals in  Bangalore, India.  Wockhardt is a state-of-the-art private hospital that provides 5-Star service. Patients have private rooms overlooking gardens, cable TV, computers, and ice cream in a mini fridge at easy reach.  The next hospital is Bowring, the government run hospital.  This hospital lacks dialysis machines, ventilators, an ICU, and nutritional meals.

In the article Bowring hospital says, “one of the young doctors, named Harish, said a ventilator and a dialysis machine would have allowed him to keep half of his patients alive. The most severe case, Mohammed Amin, was breathing with the aid of a hand pump that his wife squeezed silently.

Harish sent the relative of one man to get blood tests done at the nearest private hospital; there was no equipment to do the test here.”

These health disparities are caused by a government unwilling to spend money on improving their medical systems and many people unable to afford the care of a private hospital.  The government has more money to give to its government hospitals but they  refuse because there are private hospitals and feel that they are able to allocate their budget else were.  This creates even larger problems because the poor majority are unable to afford the care that they need.





A Land of Garbage in the Philippines

15 03 2010

A garbage dump in Manila with scavengers at work

The slum of Bagong Silangan in Quezon City, Manila, is centered around a vast garbage tip on which many of the residents survive through scavenging.  In this particular slum men, women and children are knee deep in slime every day looking for articles which they can sell for their recycling value. They inhabit miserable makeshift huts on the perimeter of the dump and scavenge the dump as almost a career since they have no money.  Not only do these people not have access to health care because of their poverty, but they live in a very unhealthy environment because there are no laws to protect their health.

A young child working in a dump in Tondo

A young child working in a dump in Tondo

To paint a better picture, the dumps in the Philippines are huge mountains of garbage some even piled as high as seven stories.  The scavengers are mostly women and children, many without shoes, walking in the trash to find things to sell.  Many of them have bare feet that are just waiting to be protruded with broken glass, rusty nails, used syringes, and anything else that gets thrown away.  In Tondo, Philippines Adults carry bags of trash into an abandoned warehouse. They sift through the garbage for food or recyclables, leaving the leftovers of others’ leftovers to rot while flies swarm, rats scurry about and their children play nearby.

The slums of the Philippines are some of the worst in the world and many things can and need to be done in order to protect the health of all of the individuals living in the slums consumed with garbage dumps.  There are some church groups that allow Filipino women to use their kitchens in order to make things to sell, which replaces the need to scavenge. Also, some church groups provide free clinics once a year in order to improve the health of the slum residents, but large efforts need occur in order to make a significant impact on health improvement which are not in place.

Tondo Slum, residents are practically living on top of the garbage dump that is right next door